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Міністерство освіти і науки України


Херсонський національний технічний університет

Кафедра іноземних мов

Рег. № ______________

Методичні рекомендації

за темою “The Life of Foreign Students”

для проведення практичних занять

з дисципліни «Іноземна мова професійного спілкування»

для студентів 1 курсу

напряму підготовки Комп’ютерні системи та мережі

факультету кібернетики

Херсон 2012



I Language

Ex.1 Study the vocabulary


  1. undergraduate applicant абитуриент

  2. undergraduate student студент (учащийся колледжа или университета, еще не получивший диплома бакалавра)

  3. postgraduate student студент (человек, который получил университетскую степень бакалавра и продолжает научную работу, чтобы получить учёную степень магистра)

  4. supervision консультация, практические занятия (интенсивное индивидуальное занятие или занятие с небольшой группой студентов учебного заведения в 2-3 человека, проводимое младшим преподавателем)

  5. to do a lot of socializing много общаться

  6. bumps race гребные гонки со столкновениями

  7. Varsity Match ['vɑ:sitɪ mætʃ] "Университетский матч" (ежегодный матч между командами Оксфордского и Кембриджского университетов)

  8. tiddlywinks ['tɪdlɪwɪŋks] игра в блошки (игра, цель которой забросить в коробку маленькие круглые кусочки пластика, надавливая их края большим куском пластмассы)

  9. Cambridge blue "кембриджский голубой", студент, защищающий спортивную честь Кембриджского университета (по цвету спортивной формы)
  10. Full Blue член сборной команды Кембриджского университета (по футболу, гребле и некоторым видам спорта)


  11. Half-blue [,hɑ:f'blu:] член сборной команды Кембриджского университета по менее популярным видам спорта (теннису, плаванию и некоторым другим)

  12. committee [kə'mɪtɪ] – комитет

  13. Hawks' Club ['hɔ:ksklʌb] клуб "Хокс" (клуб отдыха и развлечений для ведущих спортсменов Кембриджского университета; клуб ястребов)

  14. Junior combination room [,dʒu:njə ,kɔmbɪ'neɪʃən rum] центр отдыха и развлечений для студентов (тип клуба в колледжах Кембриджского университета; членство платное, обязательное для всех студентов колледжа)

  15. Michaelmas term ['mɪklməs,tə:m] Михайлов триместр (осенний триместр в некоторых школах, колледжах, университетах; начинается в сентябре – октябре)

  16. Lent term ['lent tə:m] великопостный триместр, весенний триместр (в Кембриджском университете)

  17. tutor ['tju:tə] наставник

  18. Director of studies руководитель научно-исследовательских работ

  19. Supervisor младший преподаватель

  20. Fellow ['feləu] младший научный работник колледжа или университета (занимается исследованием в какой-либо области, преподаёт или совмещает научную работу с педагогической)

  21. hallmark ['hɔ:lmɑ:k] признак

  22. academics [ˌækə'demɪks] учебные занятия

  23. supervision system супервизорская система обучения (университетская система обучения путём прикрепления студентов к отдельным консультантам)

  24. mortarboard ['mɔ:təbɔ:d] академическая шапка (студентов и преподавателей университета, а учащихся и учителей некоторых школ; чёрная с плоским квадратным верхом и с кисточкой)

  25. bell-shaped колоколообразный

  26. shot with light blue с голубоватым отливом

  27. lined with обшитый чем-либо


Ex.2 Solve the anagrams and translate the words into Russian/Ukrainian


nowg

Ninou

Doho

Dat.net

Tot.ru

Zay Lena

Dima T.

Warfele

Wino.gr

E sup, ris, vino!


Ex.3 Find the synonyms for the following words in the text and translate them into Ukrainian/Russian:


  1. to communicate

  2. to enroll

  3. a billiard table

  4. a tutorial system

  5. a centre

  6. to get

  7. to take part in

  8. classes

II Reading

Ex.4 Read the text and translate it with a dictionary.



Studying at the University of Cambridge

The University of Cambridge is a public university located in Cambridge, United Kingdom. It is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and the third-oldest university in the world.

To enter the university all students must apply by 15 October. Sometimes students also take a written test as a part of their application. At first the faculty or college decides whom to admit. Then the university interviews the majority of its undergraduate applicants.

Cambridge has 31 colleges, of which three, Murray Edwards, Newnham and Lucy Cavendish, admit women only. A college at the University of Cambridge is a place where a student eats, does a lot of socializing and where he often has his supervisions.


Cambridge University has hundreds of clubs and societies that students can join. Students either join one of them or start their own. Examples of clubs and societies at Cambridge University include: quiz society; natural history society; darts club; anime and manga society; and dozens of sports clubs. c:\users\алена\downloads\3.png

There are over 100 sporting clubs where students can play team games, go in for water sports, martial arts, racket sports, and extreme sports. Sports facilities include playing fields, courts, boathouses and gyms.

Cambridge maintains a long tradition of student participation in sport and recreation. Rowing is a particularly popular sport at Cambridge, and there are competitions between colleges, notably the bumps races, and against Oxford, the Boat Race. There are also Varsity matches against Oxford in many other sports, ranging from cricket and rugby, to chess and tiddlywinks. The University has the Blues Committee which consists of the captains of the thirteen most prestigious sports. Those students who are good at sports can apply for a Cambridge Blue and the Blues Committee will decide whom to admit. There is also the elite men’s Hawks’ Club, whose membership is usually restricted to Cambridge Full Blues and Half Blues. f:\camb\c96bb80abf75d5f20380dddf20ace682.png

Most Colleges have a choir and orchestra and put on one or more concerts each year. Students of each College organize a lot of entertainments and social activities such as regular film nights and discos which are open to members of other Colleges.

At Cambridge University, there is the main student union – The Cambridge University Students' Union (CUSU) – as well as a students’ union for each college. There are Junior Combination Rooms with TV, newspapers, pool table, bar etc where undergraduates spend their free time and Middle Combination Rooms for postgraduate students. The students’ union is the hub of students’ life. By the way, it is not only the place where students have a get together and relax, but the place where they can go for welfare, support and information.


The academic year has three academic terms. Michaelmas Term lasts from October to December; Lent Term from January to March; and Easter Term from April to June. Within these terms there is Full Term. It is the eight week period within the longer academic term during which professors give lectures and students should live within 10 miles of the Church of St Mary the Great. Pupils can graduate only if they fulfill this condition for nine terms (three years) when obtaining a Bachelor of Arts or twelve terms (four years) when studying for a Master of Science, Engineering or Mathematics. books3.gif

The hallmark of Cambridge University academics is the supervision system (at Oxford it’s called the tutorial system). Three different people organize the work of the Cambridge undergraduate. His Tutor discusses with him what subjects he will read; his Director of Studies suggests which lectures he will attend and arranges for the weekly supervisions; his Supervisor, who may be the Director of Studies himself or a Fellow conducts this supervision. The supervision is usually a one-hour meeting between one or two students and the supervisor. Students get between one and four supervisions per week. They prepare an essay on a subject set by the supervisor. At the supervision students discuss the work with their supervisor and one or two other students. They communicate, defend, analyze, and criticize the ideas of others as well as their own in conversations with the professor and fellow-students. tutor.jpg

The university staff and students have a traditional academic dress. It consists of a gown, a hood and a mortarboard. Almost every degree has its own gown and hood.


The Bachelor’s of Arts gown is a long black gown with long bell-shaped sleeves. All undergraduate gowns are long black gowns to the knees with an open pointed sleeve. The Master’s of Arts gown is a long black gown with long rectangular sleeves, which are closed at the ends. mortat.jpg

Hoods are worn on the back as an indicator of academic status. Master of Science has a black hood lined with pink silk shot with light blue. Master of Engineering has a black hood lined with bronze silk.

III Comprehension

Ex.4 Complete the following sentences:


  1. Cambridge has 31 colleges, of which 3 …

  2. To be enrolled to the University of Cambridge students must …

  3. The academic year …

  4. The University of Cambridge is …

  5. The traditional academic dress of the University consists of …


Ex.5 Agree or disagree with the following statements. If you disagree, justify your answer.

Use the phrases: I agree with you; You are right; I don’t agree with

you; No, it’s not so; I’m afraid you’re wrong


  1. The Blues Committee is a union of sportsmen who study at Cambridge University.

  2. Hawks’ Club consists of Cambridge students who have the highest sports awards.

  3. Full Term lasts 2 months during which students should attend lectures and take exams for a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree.

  4. The supervision is a daily class at which students write essays and discuss them with their professor.

  5. Junior and Middle Combination Rooms are rooms with modern equipment where undergraduates gather to have a rest.


Ex. 6 Answer the following questions:

  1. What body is responsible for admitting students to the university?


  2. What role does a college play in the life of a student?

  3. Who organizes the work of a Cambridge undergraduate?

  4. What are the primary and secondary purposes of a students’ union?

  5. What competitions do students usually participate in?


IV Oral practice

Ex.7 Fill in the chart with the words and phrases given in the box.

a Supervisor-to conduct supervisions, a written test, a hood, 31 colleges, CUSU, Great Britain, an interview, a mortarboard, JCR-undergraduates, the 3rd in the world, Full Term:8 weeks, 10 miles of the Church of St. Mary the Great, a supervision system, a Tutor-subjects to read, Blues Committee (13 captains), a Director of Studies-lectures to attend, a gown, popular-bumps races and The Boat Race, a supervision: 1 hour, Hawks’ Club (men’s, Full Blues, Half Blues), 3-4 supervisions a week, to write and discuss essays, different clubs and societies, by the 15th October, film nights, discos and concerts, every degree – its own dress, welfare, support and information, MCR-postgraduates, 3 terms, over 100 sports clubs, 3 people-the work of undergraduates:, competitions between colleges and Varsity matches (football, rugby, cricket, tiddlywinks), lectures


The University


………………………

………………………

..………………………


Admission

Academic dress


………………………… ..………………………

………………………… ..………………………

………………………… ..………………………

..………………………


Academics

Sports and recreation


…………………………...…

…………………………...… ..………………………………

…………………………...… ..………………………………

…………………………...… ..………………………………

…………………………...… ..………………………………

…………………………...… ..………………………………

…………………………...… ..………………………………

…………………………...… ..………………………………

…………………………...… ..………………………………

…………………………...… ..………………………………

…………………………...… ..………………………………

…………………………...… ..………………………………

Ex. 8 Speak about Cambridge students and the way they study and entertain.

V Home-task

Ex.9 Read the text “American student VS Ukrainian student” without a dictionary.
American Student VS Ukrainian Student
Being a student in the U.S. is different in a lot of ways than what I experienced when I studied in Ukraine. Classes are taught differently, schools are run differently, and grades are given differently. It is like a medal that has two sides.

While in the U.S. students’ grades are not revealed to the whole class, in Ukraine it is the opposite. It is common for a Ukrainian professor to announce students’ grades publicly in the presence of the whole class. It is also common for Ukrainian professors to put a list of students’ names and grades next to the names on their office door, so everyone at the university can see the students’ grades.

Another policy in line with the previous point is the habit of high schools in Ukraine to call or write letters to students’ parents if students do not do well academically. This is what American students would probably take as a violation of their privacy.

Many Ukrainian professors require that students take notes during the lecture or seminar. They often tell students what exactly to write down, and if they see someone is not taking notes they may ask the student to leave the classroom. In an American classroom it’s usually your choice what you want to write down or not.


Exams in Ukraine are certainly more stressful than in the U.S., because in many cases a final exam is worth 90 or 100 per cent of the grade. The exam format is similar for all majors and class years. During the exam, a student receives several random questions based on the content of the entire course, and often has to answer the questions orally in a one-to-one conversation with the professor.

In the U.S., academic advisors play a decisive role in helping students make all kinds of academic decisions. At Ukrainian universities, there are no academic advisors, simply because there is no need for them. Ukrainian students cannot choose what courses to take. High schools together with the government develop a program of study for each major compulsory for all students studying that major.

About half of the courses that Ukrainian students take at universities are evaluated on pass or fail scale. Students take such courses in addition to four or five graded courses, so the average number of courses students take each term is about twice as big as the normal course load at American colleges. Moreover, American students don’t have as much homework as Ukrainian students.

Another distinctive feature of the Americans is that most American high school students have a job, usually a part-time job. Thus they gain experience and make some money. Some jobs of American students are: delivering newspapers, babysitting, working in a cafe.

There is something about the Ukrainian culture that is responsible for students’ tendency to collaborate in many situations in which American students don’t, for example, during exams. As students progress from their first year to their last, they develop more and more creative ways of “helping” each other without being caught by professors.
Notes:

academic advisor академический консультант, куратор по учебным вопросам (сотрудник учебного заведения, консультирующий студентов по вопросам выбора тех или иных предметов или курсов; знакомит с требованиями различных курсов, программам подготовки к экзаменам).


reveal – объявлять

pass or fail scale шкала «зачтено» или «не зачтено»

graded course – экзамен или дифференцированный зачёт

collaborate – сотрудничать, работать совместно
Ex.10 Complete a comparison table using the information from ex.9




flag-usa-48-stars-87317.jpg

flag ukr.gif

Grades







Parents







Notetaking







Exams







Academics







Job







Collaboration







Ex.11 Speak about the differences between American and Ukrainian students using the table from ex.10.