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Phonetics: Особенности английской артикуляции.
Great Britain [,greit΄britn]
John o΄Groats [
the Highlands [΄hailəndz]
Logh Neagh [΄lɔk΄nei]
Moume Mountains [΄mɔ:n΄mauntinz]
Northern Ireland [,nɔ:ðn΄aiələnd]
the Atlantic Ocean [ət΄læntik ΄əu∫n]
the Celtic Sea [΄keltik΄si:]
the English Channel [,iŋgli∫΄t∫ænl]
the Firth of Clyde [,fə:θəv΄klaid]
the Hebrides [΄hebrədi:z]
the Cumbrian Mountains [΄kʌmbriən΄mauntinz]
the Shetland Islands [,∫etlənd΄ailəndz]
the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Geographical outline OF THE UK
The total area of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is approximately 245000 km2 comprising of the island of Great Britain, the northeastern one-sixth of the island of Ireland (Northern Ireland) and smaller islands. It lies between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea to the northwest from the coast of France. It is separated from France by the English Channel. The Royal Greenwich Observatory, near London, is the defining point of the Prime Meridian. When measured directly north-south, Great Britain is a little over 1100 km in length and is a fraction under 500 km at its widest, but the greatest distance between two points is 1350 km between Land's End in Cornwall (near Penzance) and John o' Groats in Caithness (near Thurso). Northern Ireland shares a 360 km on land boundary with Ireland. England accounts for just over half of the total area of the UK, covering 130410 km2. Most of the country consists of lowland and mountainous terrain. Mountain chains are found in the north-west (the Cumbrian Mountains of the Lake District), north (the upland moors of the Pennines and limestone hills of the Peak District) and south-west (Exmoor and Dartmoor). Lower ranges include the limestone hills of the Isle of Purbeck, Cotswolds and Lincolnshire Wolds, and the chalk downs of the Southern England Chalk Formation. The main rivers and estuaries are the Thames, the Severn and the Humber Estuary. England's highest mountain is Scafell Pike, which is in the Lake District 978 m. England has a number of large towns and cities and, in terms of Larger Urban Zones, has six of the top 50 Zones in the European Union. Wales accounts for less than a tenth of the total area of the UK, covering 20758 km2. Wales is mostly mountainous, though south Wales is less mountainous than north and mid Wales. The main population and industrial areas are in south Wales, consisting of the coastal cities of Cardiff, Swansea and Newport and the South Wales Valleys to their north. The highest mountains in Wales are in Snowdonia, and include Snowdon, which, at 1,085 m (3,560 ft) is the highest peak in Wales. The 14 (or possibly 15) Welsh mountains over 3,000 feet (914 m) high are known collectively as the Welsh 3000s. Wales borders England to the east and the sea in the other three directions: the Bristol Channel to the south, the Celtic Sea to the west, and the Irish Sea to the north. Wales has over 1,200 km (750 miles) of coastline. There are several islands off the Welsh mainland, the largest of which is Anglesey in the northwest. consist, v – (of) состоять, быть составленным из (чего-л., кого-л.) share, v – разделять (что-л. с кем-л.); использовать совместно 3. Pronounce the following words paying attention to the pronunciation of ending -(e)s.
4. Pronounce the following words paying attention to the short and long vowels.
5. Pronounce the following words. Pay attention to the pronunciatiation of the italicized letters.
length wide boundary
depth between observatory
north wind approximately
third west temperate
south winter geological
6. Read the following numerals:
1) 500; 360; 388; 245,000; 78,772; 1,200; 130,410; 5,777,289. 4. There are no big rivers in Great Britain. 7. Around 10,000 years ago Great Britain (not, to be) an island, but an upland region of northwestern Europe.
16. Supply articles where necessary.
… Great Britain is situated on … British Isles. … British Isles lie to … west of the continent of … Europe. The total land area of … United Kingdom is 244,000 square kilometers. The western coast of Great Britain is washed by … Atlantic Ocean and … Irish Sea. The eastern coast is washed by the waters of … North Sea. … English Channel, which is 32 kilometers wide, separates the south-east of Great Britain from … France. Not far from the British Isles there is warm the Golf Stream. All these facts influence … climate of the country. The climate of Great Britain is mild, temperate and wet.
17. Insert prepositions.
Great Britain is one … the most densely populated countries … the world, the average density is over 200 people per square kilometer, 80 per cent of the population lives … towns. The population of Great Britain is more than 57 million. 57, 1 (1991)
22. Match the words from two columns to say what these places are famous for.
Model: London is famous for its places of interest.
23. Write what these cities are famous for.
Model: London is famous for its fine historical buildings.
The text tells the reader that…
If I got it right…
It seems to me that …
In my opinion …
26. Agree or disagree. Make use of the conversational formulas given below.
I (quite) agree (with you). I don’t think so.
I think so too. I don’t agree.
Certainly! I think you are mistaken.
Just so. You are wrong.
27. Arrange the sentences according to the text.
1. The largest part of the country is England.
2. There are the Cumbrian Mountains of the Lake District, the Pennines and Peak District in the North.
3. It is separated from the continent by the English Channel and is washed by the Atlantic Ocean.
4. It is divided into the Lowlands and the Highlands.
5. The smallest part, Northern Ireland, is mostly hilly with the highest peak Slieve Donard.
29. Fill in the chart. Use the information from text 1 and the exercises. If necessary, consult maps and encyclopedias.
30. Translate into English.
1. Озерный край Англии расположен на северо-западе страны. Это очень романтичное место, известное своими долинами, горами, озерами и водопадами.
2. Долины и луга Шотландии всегда привлекают множество туристов.
3. Туристы со всего мира приезжают полюбоваться на красоту шотландских пейзажей.
4. Оксфорд – старый университетский город. Он расположен в Центральных графствах (The Midlands) Великобритании к северо-западу от Лондона.
5. Пролив Ламанш отделяет Великобританию от Континента. Пролив неширокий, не более 32 километров.
6. Великобритания ‒ одна из наиболее густонаселенных стран мира.
7. Северная Ирландия была первой колонией Англии.
31. Ask your friend,
Do you know that:
32. Review the information you’ve got from Lesson 1. Summarize it using the suggested words and word combinations.
To be separated from, to be washed by, to border on, to account for, to consists of, to be situated, a temperate climate, wet weather, mold winters, mountain chains, the main rivers.
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